What is Mental Illness: The Break Down

"Mental illnesses are health conditions involving changes in emotion, thinking, or behavior (or a combination of these). Mental illnesses are associated with distress and problems functioning in social, work, or family activities." (American Psychiatric Association)

Mental illness may also be referred to as a psychiatric disorder, a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Several factors can cause mental conditions such as biological, psychological, and environmental.

Genetics plays a role in mental illness as some times it's hereditary. Experts say that some mental illnesses are linked to abnormalities in the genes. (Example) a father with schizophrenia has three children. All three children are susceptible to mental illness; however, only one child may develop it. Those who are susceptible may also trigger the development of disease later in life due to trauma, abuse, or stress.

Every year 1 in 5 Americans is affected by mental illness. Anyone can develop a mental illness, and just like other health diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and many others, mental illness is also a medical condition in which it affects the brain. There are several disorders classified as mental illness; a few are listed below -

1) Schizophrenia

2) Bipolar

3) Borderline Personality

4) Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

5) Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

6) Dissociative Disorder

7) Autism Spectrum Disorder

8) Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

9) Eating Disorders

10) Schizoaffective Disorder

11) Tourette's

12) Anxiety

13) Depression

*Next week we will discuss Schizophrenia* #endthestigmas

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